Pristionchus maupasi

 

Contents

 

Rev: 11/30/2012

  Classification Hosts
Morphology and Anatomy Life Cycle
Return to Pristionchus Menu Economic Importance Damage
Distribution Management
Return to Neodiplogasteridae Menu Feeding  References
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Classification:

Chromadorea
  Diplogasteria
   Diplogasterida
    Diplogasteroidea
Neodiplogasteridae
           Pristionchus maupasi (Potts, 1910) Paramonov 1952
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        Synonyms:
     

    Extensive research conducted in the laboratory of  Ralf Sommer, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Tubingen, Germany.

     
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    Morphology and Anatomy:

     

     

    Females:

      


     

    Males:  
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    Distribution:

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    Economic Importance:

     

     

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    Feeding:

    Pristionchus spp. have cellulases, presumably through horizontal transfer from microbes (Smant, 1998).

    Unlike the rhabditids, Pristionchus and other diplogasterids do not have a grinder in the basal bulb of the esophagus, so there are living bacteria in the intestine. 

    The mouth also differs from the tubular stoma of the rhabditids and has two forms, with teeth (eurystomatous) or without teeth (stenostomatous).  Tooth formation is triggered by starvation, similar to the dauer trigger in C. elegans.  Eurystomatous forms are able to feed on fungi.

     

       
       
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    Hosts:

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    Life Cycle:

    Dauerlarva formation occurs under conditions of high nematode density and low food availability, similar to C. elegans.

    The nematode–insect association, in which nematodes infest the surface of insects and wait for their hosts to die before resuming development on the cadaver, is known as necromeny (Hong et al, 2008).  Pristionchus nematodes infest live insects but do not noticeably reduce the fitness of their hosts; but consume the microorganisms on the decomposing carcass after death of the insect.

    Developmental phenomena such as  formation of dauer larvae formation, and different forms of the mouth can be influenced by changes in temperature and food availability to the host insect. (Hong et al., 2008).

     
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    Damage:

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    Management:

     
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    References:

    Hong, R.L.., A. Svatoš , M. Herrmann, and R.J. Sommer. 2008. Species-specific recognition of beetle cues by the nematode Pristionchus maupasi. Evolution and Development 10: 73-279.
    Sommer, R. 2008. Genetic and transgenic approaches in the nematode model Pristionchus pacificus.
    Fifth International Congress of Nematology, Brisbane, Australia, July 2008.     
     
    Copyright © 1999 by Howard Ferris.
    Revised: November 30, 2012.