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The causal agent of brugian filariasis, elephantiasis, lymphatic filariasis
Many aspects of the biology of Brugia malayi are similar to Wuchereria bancrofti. It is vectored by mosquitoes and can cause elephantiasis. The primary difference between the two species is that brugian filariasis is not as widely distributed as is bancroftian filariasis, although the distributions of the two diseases overlap in many areas of the world.